The Sundarbans a UNESCO World Heritage Site is located at the South eastern tip of the 24 Paraganas district about 110 km from Kolkata. It got its name from one of the mangrove plants known as Sundari (Heritiera Minor). Sundarbans are a part of the world's largest delta, formed by the mighty rivers Ganga, Brahmaputra and Meghna. Situated on the lower end of Gangetic West Bengal, the Sundarbans is criss-crossed by hundreds of creeks and tributaries. It is one of the most attractive and alluring places remaining on earth, a truly undiscovered paradise. The Sundarbans is the largest single block of tidal, halophytic mangrove forests in the world. The name can be literally translated as beautiful jungle. The name may have been derived from the Sundari trees that are found in the Sundarbans. . It spans a vast area covering 4264 sq. km in India alone. It is the largest Tiger Reserve and National Park.
Apart from being a unique largest mangrove eco-system of the world, the Sundarbans has the world's largest deltaic mangrove forests and is also home to one of India's most iconic wildlife species - the Royal Bengal Tiger. It is also the world's largest estuarine forest criss-crossed by hundreds of creeks and tributaries, intersected by a network of tidal waterways, small islands of salt-tolerant mangrove forests and mudflats. The interconnected network of waterways makes almost every nook and corner of the forest accessible by boats or rafts making it one of the most attractive and alluring places on earth and an undiscovered paradise. The Sundarbans also serves as a crucial protective barrier for the inhabitants in and around Kolkata against the floods that result from the cyclones which are a regular occurrence. Sundarbans have also been enlisted amongst the finalists in the New 7 Wonders of Nature.
Apart from being a unique largest mangrove eco-system of the world, the Sundarbans has the world’s largest deltaic mangrove forests and is also home to one of India’s most iconic wildlife species – the Royal Bengal Tiger. It is also the world’s largest estuarine forest criss-crossed by hundreds of creeks and tributaries, intersected by a network of tidal waterways, small islands of salt-tolerant mangrove forests and mudflats.
Do Ban Ki Watch Tower renders canopy walk that a tourist can carry out to view the riveting flora and fauna. This canopy walk is at an elevation of 20 feet from the ground and is about half a kilometre in length. Apart from tigers, tourists may also encounter Bahmini Kites and Chital Deer.
The Bhagabatpur Crocodile Project in the Sundarban has, of late, emerged as an important tourist destination of the Sundarbans. This is the only crocodile project in West Bengal and is located adjacent to the Lothian Island and on the bank of the Saptamukhi Estuary. The dense mangrove forest at the confluence of Saptamukhi river system has immense natural beauty to attract tourist all throughout the year. This hatchery of estuarine crocodile and Batagur Baska species of tortoise in the project has crocodiles of varying ages.
Sundarban National Park
As per the criteria no (ix) and (x), Sundarbans was included in the list of World Heritage Site. The most unique part of Sundarbans relates to the fact that it is the largest mangrove forest in the world with a large concentration of Royal Bengal Tigers. Some 78 species of mangroves are recorded across the forest. It also plays a vital role in the survival of marine organisms as it works as a wetland nursery to them.
The pride of West Benga, India, Sundarbans covers an area of around 10,000km2 in the delta of Ganges. It lies on the south-east of Kolkata and borders the Bay of Bengal. This wonderful biosphere reserve houses many rare and endangered animals including aquatic mammals, tigers, birds and reptiles. Sundarbans is mainly located at the confluence of Ganga and Brahmaputra basin in between India and Bangladesh.