department of tourism

government of west bengal

LEGENDS OF BENGAL

There is a popular saying 'What Bengal thinks today, Rest of the India will think tomorrow'. This tells what a rich genetic inheritance the people of Bengal have. West Bengal, home to legendary preachers, poets, saints, thinkers, singers, film-makers, sportsmen and academicians, Scientists & Freedom fighters,  is considered the  cultural capital of India. Bengal has an unique glory as the state which has produced maximum nos. of Nobel laureates of India - Rabindranath Tagore, Amatrya Sen, St. Teresa (although not Bengali by Birth she made Kolkata and Bengal as her place of work), Sir C. V Raman (although not Bengali by Birth) his scientific Work of Raman effect was at Indian Cultivation of Science, Calcutta.
wbtourism LEGENDS
  • wbtourism
    SRI SRI CHAITANYA MAHAPRABHU(1486-1534)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    SRI SRI CHAITANYA MAHAPRABHU(1486-1534)

    wbtourism

    Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was a Bengali spiritual teacher and social reformer who founded Gaudiya Vaishnavism. He is believed by his devotees to be Krishna himself who appeared in the form of His own devotee in order to teach the people of this world the process of Bhakti and how to attain the perfection of life. He is considered as the most merciful manifestation of Krishna. Chaitanya was the proponent for the Vaishnava school of Bhakti yoga (meaning loving devotion to God), based on the Bhagavata Purana and the Bhagavad Gita Of various incarnations of Vishnu, he is revered as Krishna, popularised the chanting of the Hare Krishna mantra and composed the Siksastakam (eight devotional prayers) in Sanskrit. His followers, Gaudiya Vaishnavas, revere him as a Krishna with the mood and complexion of his source of inspiration Radha.

    Chaitanya is sometimes referred to by the names Gauranga or Gaura due to his fair complexion, and Nimai due to his being born underneath a Neem tree. There is no evidence, however, that he was born under a Neem Tree. He was very mischievous in his young days. His original name was Vishambhar. He was a brilliant student and Nimai was his nickname. At an early age he became a scholar and opened a school. His teachings helped flourish Bhakti movement in east India, particularly Bengal and Odisha from the 16th century onwards. Sri Chaitanya travelled many parts of India which has been written in Chaitanya Charitamrito.

    His Birth place and other many places in Bengal are visited by large numbers of Devotees and tourists from all over world. ISKCON is a follower of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
    Sri Chaitanya travelled many places and the descriptions of his travelling and all over India. It was the darkest period in the life of Bengal. Society was writhing under the curse of caste rigidities and tyranny of the rulers. It was for Mahaprabhu to save the nation from total collapse by his personality. His undaunted spirit inspired millions of the time to rise against injustice and intolerance.

    It was Sri Chaitanya in Bengal who for the first time broke down the barrier of caste and creed and embraced all as his brother. Through his preaching he had created an environment of spiritual consciousness. "The Bhakti Movement" that followed culminated in "cultural renaissance" of India. His life has made immense influence on literature, Music, philosophy and the mankind in general.

    One wonder whether he may be called the first Tourism Ambassador of Bengal having widely travelled and inspiring various aspects of life and creativity. As such his message has been a source of hope and enlightenment world over.

    Born- Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was born in Mayarpur in the town of Nadia, just after sunset on the evening of the 23rd Falgun, 1407 Advent of Sakabda answering to the 18th Februrary, 1486 of the Christian era.

    Related Places  - Nabadwip Dham, Mayapur, Panihati Mahotsavtala & Raghab Bhawan, Baranagar Patbari.

    www.gaudiyamission.org
    www.purebhakti.com

  • wbtourism
    RAJA RAMMAHUN ROY(1772-1833)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    RAJA RAMMAHUN ROY(1772-1833)

    wbtourism

    Raja Rammahun Roy was born in 1772 at Radhanagar in Hooghly district in West Bengal. He was unanimously considered as the first 'Modern Man'. A pioneer of socio-religious and political reform movements in modern India, Rammahun laid emphasis on human reason and rationality in every aspect of life. He was a believer in monotheism and opposed idol worship. In 1828 he established the BrahmoSamaj at Calcutta in order to purify Hinduism and to preach monotheism.

    Raja Rammahun Roy led a life-long crusade against the practice Of sati and finally in 1829 he succeeded in persuading Lord William Bentinck to abolish it. He championed women's rights, like right Of inheritance and property and attacked polygamy and the degraded state Of widows. He also fought for the introduction and spread of modern western education through the medium of English. He passed away at Bristol in England in 1833.

    http://rrrlf.nic.in/biography_rammohun.asp

    http://www.thebrahmosamaj.net/founders/rammohun.html

  • wbtourism
    RANI RASHMONI (1793 - 1861)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    RANI RASHMONI (1793 - 1861)

    wbtourism

    Rani Rashmoni of Janbazar, Kolkata was a pillar of strength in the mid-nineteenth century, amidst the male dominated society. Born in 28th Sept. 1793, the Bengali year being 1211. At the tender age of 11, Rashmoni was married to Babu Rajchandra Das of Janbazar. When she gained maturity and came to live with her in- laws and husband, the greatest possible tragedy happened to her.

    Her husband passed away leaving her all alone. Though initially thunder struck, Rashmoni was quick to recover from the shock and took charge of the family business and drove away the vultures hovering around. With the help of her son-in-law Mathur babu, who was married to her third and youngest daughter, Karunamoyi, she not only expanded the business but also became a champion for the people. The responsibility of administration the zamindari and commerce after her husband's bereavement brought out her management traits and inbuilt supervisory skills.

    The Rani was an autonomist in her viewpoint and stood by what she measured reasonable and just. Her daring performance and confrontations with the British in India had grown to be family stories in her time. Rani Rashmoni also had to her glory copious generous workings and other offerings to humanity. The manufacture of a street from Subarnarekha river to Pari for pilgrims, Babughat, Ahirtola Ghat and Nimtola Ghat for the everyday bathers in the Ganges, and the considerable charity to the then majestic Library (now National Library) and Hindu College (now Presidency College) are a small number of occurrence of her generosity. A celestial exposure led her to establish the renowned temple compound on the banks of the Ganges at Dakshineswar in the North 24 Parganas. She set up a new bathing ghat on the Hooghly and called it Babu ghat after her late husband She took a bold step to help the fishermen thriving on Hooghly waters, whose livelihood were hampered by the speeding British steamers. Rashmoni blocked the river traffic by iron chains and did not remove it until her demands were met. However, her greatest contribution was the founding of the Dakshinshwar Kali temple. She patronized Shri Ramkrishna Paramhangsha as the guardian of the Dakshinshwar temple. She held high the aspects of Hinduism which was the result of her spiritual attitude. Her outstanding social work, philanthropic nature were notable aspects behind a great soul for which people started calling her Rani or the queen.

    Rani Rashmoni passed away on 19th February; 1861.As in the precedent, the enormous achievements of her life will carry on motivating many a generation to approach. The Department of Posts is glad to pass out a postage stamp to memorialize the bicentennial of this memorable persona.

    Born- She was born into a Mahishya family, a Zamindar in Kona village, in present-day North 24 Parganas.

    Places of interest- Janbazar,Dakshineswar.
    www.rashmoni.org.in
    www.streeshakti.com
    www.dakshineswarkalitemple.org

  • wbtourism
    Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar (1820 - 1891)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar (1820 - 1891)

    wbtourism

    Pandit Ishwar Chandra Bandyopadhyay, popularly known as Vidyasagar, was a great humanist, a renowned scholar and a powerful social reformer. He was born in a very poor family in Birshingha village in Midnapore district in 1820. He won several scholarships and rose to become the Principal of Sanskrit College. He contributed greatly in the field of women's education and also opened the gates of the Sanskrit College for the non-Brahmins. Vidyasagar powerfully advocated the cause of women's uplift. He attacked polygamy, protested against child marriage, worked for the promotion of female education. He set up 35 girls' schools in Bengal. He dug up old Sanskrit (Prasara Samhita) references and proved that vedl"c texts sanctioned widow marriage. He then sent a petition signed by 987 persons to the government of India urging it for legislative action. His efforts were rewarded when the Hindu Widows' Remarriage Act (act W of 1856) legalized marriage of widows and declared issues from such marriages as Legitimate. This great man passed away in 1892.

    Born- Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was born in a Hindu Brahmin family to Thakurdas Bandyopadhyay and Bhagavati Devi at Birsingha village in the Ghatal subdivision of Paschim Midnapore District.

    Related Places- Bhagabat Charan's house in Burrabazar (Kolkata), Birsingha village (Paschim Midnapore).

  • wbtourism
    Michael Madhusudan Dutta (1824 - 1873)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    Michael Madhusudan Dutta (1824 - 1873)

    wbtourism

    Michael Madhusudan Dutt was Bengali poet and dramatist. He was the first great poet of modern Bengali literature. He was educated at the Hindu College, Calcutta. In 1843, he became a Christian. He was born in Sagordari, a village in Keshobpur Upozila, Jessore District, East Bengal (now in Bangladesh). He was a pioneer of Bengali drama. His famous work Meghnad Bodh Kavya, is a tragic epic. It has nine cantos and is exceptional in Bengali literature both in terms of style and content. He also wrote poems about the sorrows and pains of love as spoken by women.
    From an early age, Dutt wanted to be an Englishman in form and manner. In later life, he regretted his attraction to England and the Occident. He wrote lovingly of his homeland in his poems and sonnets from this period.

  • wbtourism
    Sri Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa (1836 - 1886)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    Sri Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa (1836 - 1886)

    wbtourism

    Sri Ramakrishna, who was born in 1836 and passed away in 1886, represents the very core of the spiritual realizations of the seers and sages of India. His whole life was literally an uninterrupted contemplation of God. He reached a depth of God-consciousness that transcends all time and place and has a universal appeal. Seekers of God of all religions feel irresistibly drawn to his life and teachings. Sri Ramakrishna, as a silent force, influences the spiritual thought currents of our time. He is a figure of recent history and his life and teachings have not yet been obscured by loving legends and doubtful myths. Through his God-intoxicated life Sri Ramakrishna proved that the revelation of God takes place at all times and that God-realization is not the monopoly of any particular age, country, or people. In him, deepest spirituality and broadest catholicity stood side by side. The God-man of nineteenth-century India did not found any cult, nor did he show a new path to salvation. His message was his God-consciousness. When God-consciousness falls short, traditions become dogmatic and oppressive and religious teachings lose their transforming power. At a time when the very foundation of religion, faith in God, was crumbling under the relentless blows of materialism and skepticism, Sri Ramakrishna, through his burning spiritual realizations, demonstrated beyond doubt the reality of God and the validity of the time-honored teachings of all the prophets and saviors of the past, and thus restored the falling edifice of religion on a secure foundation. Drawn by the magnetism of Sri Ramakrishna's divine personality, people flocked to him from far and near -- men and women, young and old, philosophers and theologians, philanthropists and humanists, atheists and agnostics, Hindus and Brahmos, Christians and Muslims, seekers of truth of all races, creeds and castes. His small room in the Dakshineswar temple garden on the outskirts of the city of Calcutta became a veritable parliament of religions. Everyone who came to him felt uplifted by his profound God-consciousness, boundless love, and universal outlook. Each seeker saw in him the highest manifestation of his own ideal. By coming near him the impure became pure, the pure became purer, and the sinner was transformed into a saint. The greatest contribution of Sri Ramakrishna to the modern world is his message of the harmony of religions. To Sri Ramakrishna all religions are the revelation of God in His diverse aspects to satisfy the manifold demands of human minds. Like different photographs of a building taken from different angles, different religions give us the pictures of one truth from different standpoints. They are not contradictory but complementary. Sri Ramakrishna faithfully practiced the spiritual disciplines of different religions and came to the realization that all of them lead to the same goal. Thus he declared, "As many faiths, so many paths." The paths vary, but the goal remains the same. Harmony of religions is not uniformity; it is unity in diversity. It is not a fusion of religions, but a fellowship of religions based on their common goal -- communion with God. This harmony is to be realized by deepening our individual God-consciousness. In the present-day world, threatened by nuclear war and torn by religious intolerance, Sri Ramakrishna's message of harmony gives us hope and shows the way. May his life and teachings ever inspire us.

    Born - Ramakrishna was born in the village of Kamarpukur, in the Hoogli district of West Bengal, into a very poor, pious, and orthodox Brahmin family.

    Related Places - Dakshineswar, Kamarpukur, Kashipur Udyanbati, Balur Math. 
    www.belurmath.org
    www.ramakrishna.org
    www.dakshineswarkalitemple.org
    www.kathamrita.org

  • wbtourism
    BANKIM CHANDRA CHATTOPADHYAY(1838-1894)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    BANKIM CHANDRA CHATTOPADHYAY(1838-1894)

    wbtourism

    Bankim Chandra Chatterjee also known as Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay was one of the greatest novelists and poets of India. He is famous as author of Vande Mataram, the national song of India.

    Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was born on June 27, 1838 in the village Kantalpara of the 24 Paraganas District of Bengal. He belonged to a family of Brahmins. The word 'Bankim Chandra' in Bengali means 'the moon on the second day of the bright fortnight'. Bankim Chandra's father Yadav Chandra Chattopadhyaya was in government service. After his birth he was posted to Midnapur as Deputy Collector.

    Bankim Chandra Chatterjee wanted to bring about a cultural revival of Bengal by stimulating the intellect of the Bengali speaking people through literary campaign. With this end in view he brought out monthly magazine called Bangadarshan in 1872.

    Bankim Chatterjee was superb story-teller, and a master of romance. No Bengali writer before or since has enjoyed such spontaneous and universal popularity as Chatterjee. His novels have been translated in almost all the major languages of India. He passed away on April 8, 1894.

    Born- Chattopadhyay was born in the village Kanthalpara in the town of North 24 Parganas, Near Naihati.

    Related Places- Rishi Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay's Residence and Museum at Naihati.
    www.lifebreezy.com
    www.srichinmoylibrary.com

  • wbtourism
    GIRISH CHANDRA GHOSH (1844-1912)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    GIRISH CHANDRA GHOSH (1844-1912)

    wbtourism

    Girish Chandra Ghosh was a Bengali musician, poet, playwright, novelist, theatre director and actor. He was largely responsible for the golden age of Bengali theatre. He can be referred to as the Father of Bengali Theatre. He was a versatile genius, a scholar without having any formal educational background, an actor of repute and a mentor who brought up many actors and actresses, including Binodini Dasi.

    Born in Bagbazar, Kolkata, in 1844, the eighth child to his parents Nilkamal and Raimani, he received his early education at Hare School, and later studied at Oriental Seminary in the city. His father Nilkamal Ghosh was a generous and kind hearted person and Girish retained some of his father's large heartedness. He lost his parents early in life and went up to educate himself.

    He cofounded the Great National Theatre, the first Bengali professional theatre company in 1872, wrote nearly 40 plays and acted and directed many more, and later in life became a noted disciple of Sri Ramakrishna.

    Born- Born in Bagbazar, Kolkata.

    Related Places- Star Theatre (Kolkata), House of Girish Ghosh (Bagbazar, Kolkata).


  • wbtourism
    MAA SARADA DEVI(1853-1920)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    MAA SARADA DEVI(1853-1920)

    wbtourism

    Sarada Devi born Saradamani Mukhopadhyay was the wife and spiritual counterpart of Ramakrishna Paramhansa, a nineteenth-century mystic of Bengal. Sarada Devi is also reverentially addressed as the Holy Mother by the followers of the Ramakrishna monastic order. Sarada Devi or Sri Sri Ma is one of the notable woman saints and mystics of the nineteenth century. She paved the way for the future generation women to take up monasticity as the means and end of life. In fact Sri Sarada Math and Ramakrishna Sarada Mission situated at Dakshineshwar is based on the ideals and life of Sri Sri Ma.Sarada Devi played an important role in the growth of the Ramakrishna Movement.

    Sarada Devi was born in Jayrambati. At the age of five she was betrothed to Ramakrishna, whom she joined at Dakshineswar Kali temple when she was in her late teens. According to her traditional biographers, both lived lives of unbroken continence, showing the ideals of a householder and of the monastic ways of life. After Ramakrishna's death, Sarada Devi stayed most of the time either at Jayrambati or at the Udbodhan office, Calcutta. The disciples of Ramakrishna regarded her as their own mother, and after their guru's death looked to her for advice and encouragement. The followers of the Ramakrishna movement and a large section of devotees across the world worship Sri Sri Ma Sarada Devi as an incarnation of the Adi Parashakti or the Divine Mother.

    Born- Saradamani Devi was born in the quiet village of Jayrambati in present-day West Bengal, India.

    Related Places- Jayrambati, Dakshineswar, Maa a Bari (Bagbazar).
    www.belurmath.org

  • wbtourism
    ACHARYA JAGADISH CHANDRA BOSE(1858-1937)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    ACHARYA JAGADISH CHANDRA BOSE(1858-1937)

    wbtourism

    In 1896 Bose wrote 'Niruddesher Kahini' the first major work in Bengali Science fiction, later he added the story in his Cabyakta' as 'Palatak Tuphan'. He also invented the Crescograph.
    Jagadish Chandra was born on 30 November 1858 in Bikrampur (present day Murshigunj) district near Dhaka, in Bangladesh during the British Raj. Develop his research.
    JagadishCh Bose's major contribution in the field of biophysics was the demonstration of the electrical nature of the conduction of various stimuli like woods, chemical agents in plants.
    He was the first natural scientist to study the action of waves on the plant tissues and their reactions. With his experiments he hypothesized that plants can feel pain. The Indian Botanic Garden was renamed as the Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Botanic Garden on 25th June, 2009 in honour of the great Bengali polymath and natural scientist, Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose.
    The fellow of Royal Society (1920) and a member of the 'Vieana Academy of Sciences (1928)', and 'The Finnish Society of Science and letters (1929)' Jagadish Chandra Bose received many honour throughout his lifetime like Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire, CIE, (1903), Companion of the Order of the Star of India CPS (1911) and Knight Bachelor (1917). The great scientist passed away on 23rd November, in Ciridih.

    Born- Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose was born in Munshiganj, Bengal Presidency, (present-day Bangladesh).

    Related Places- Basu Bigyan Mandir(Kolkata)
    www.boseinst.ernet.in

  • wbtourism
    KABIGURU RABINDRANATH TAGORE(1861-1941)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    KABIGURU RABINDRANATH TAGORE(1861-1941)

    wbtourism

    Rabindranath Tagore was one of the greatest literary figures of India. He was not only a writer and poet but also an educator, a great humanitarian and philosopher. He was born on the 7th of May 1861, at Dwarkanath Thakur Lane, Jorasanko Thakurbari, in an affluent family with culture at its core. His father, devendranath Tagore was an early leader of the Brahmo Movement, initiated by Raja Rammohan Roy, His mother was Sarada Devi.

    Tagore wrote number of short stories, plays and novels throughout his lifetime. He received the Noble Prize in literature for his great work 'Gitanjai' in 1913. He was the first non-European to achieve this honour. Further, in 1915, the British King George V felicitated him with knighthood, which the pariot renounced in protest of the Jalianwala Bagh massacre in 1919. His song 'Ekla Cholo Re' created waves as inspired every revolutionary including the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi.

    Through his writings, Rabindranath became the 'voice of India', spiritual and cultural heritage to the world. He started his educational experiments in Shantiniketan and sriniketan in Birbhum district. Here he initiated his dream project of imparting education.

    Finally, remembered as 'Kaviguru' Rabindranath breathed his last breath on the 7th of August in 1941 at Jorasanko Thakurbari, leaving behind a legacy that touched the pinnacles of Bengali literature.

    Born- Tagore  was born  in the Jorasanko mansion in Calcutta to Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi.

    Related Places- Jorasanko Thakurbari, Shantiniketan, Viswa Bharati (Bolpur).
    www.rbu.ac.in/museum/
    www.tagoreweb.in
    www.sacred-texts.com

  • wbtourism
    ACHARYA PRAFULLA CHANDRA RAY (1861-1944)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    ACHARYA PRAFULLA CHANDRA RAY (1861-1944)

    wbtourism

    Prafulla Chandra was born on 2 August 1861 in Raruli-Katipara, a village in the District of Khulna (in present day Bangladesh). His early education started in his village school. He often played truant and spent his time resting comfortably on the branch of a tree, hidden under its leaves. After attending the village school, he went to Kolkata, where he studied at Hare School and the Metropolitan College. The lectures of Alexander Pedler in the Presidency College, which he used to attend, attracted him to chemistry, although his first love was literature. He continued to take interest in literature, and taught himself Latin and French at home. After obtaining a F.A. diploma from the University of Calcutta, he proceeded to the University of Edinburgh on a Gilchrist scholarship where he obtained both his B.Sc. and D.Sc. degrees.

    In 1888, Prafulla Chandra made his journey home to India. Initially he spent a year working with his famous friend Jagadish Chandra Bose in his laboratory. In 1889, Prafulla Chandra was appointed an Assistant Professor of Chemistry in the Presidency College, Kolkata. His publications on mercurous nitrite and its derivatives brought him recognition from all over the world. Equally important was his role as a teacher - he inspired a generation of young chemists in India thereby building up an Indian school of chemistry. Famous Indian scientists like Meghnad Saha and Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar were among his students.

    Prafulla Chandra believed that the progress of India could be achieved only by industrialization. He set up the first chemical factory in India, with very minimal resources, working from his home. In 1901, this pioneering effort resulted in the formation of the Bengal Chemical and Pharmaceutical Works Ltd.

    He retired from the Presidency College in 1916, and was appointed as Professor of Chemistry at the University Science College. In 1921 when Prafulla Chandra reached 60 years, he donated, in advance, all his salary for the rest of his service in the University to the development of the Department of Chemistry and to the creation of two research fellowships. The value of this endowment was about two lakh rupees. He eventually retired at the age of 75. In Prafulla Chandra Ray, the qualities of both a scientist and an industrial entrepreneur were combined and he can be thought of as the father of the Indian Pharmaceutical industry.

    Born- Ray was born in Raruli-Katipara, a village in the Khulna District of present-day Bangladesh. 

    www.vigyanprasar.gov.in

  • wbtourism
    SWAMI VIVEKANANDA(1863-1902)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    SWAMI VIVEKANANDA(1863-1902)

    wbtourism

    Swami Vivekananda was born on 12th January 1863 in an aristocratic Bengali family. His early name wag Narendranath Dutta. Vivekananda was one of the greatest disciples of the famous spiritualist of his age, Ramakrishna Paramhansa. He first met his guru Ramakrishna in 1881 and thereafter he started visiting him frequently for spiritual quest. He established a monastery at Baranagar in 1887, after the death of his guru later and later on he formed Ramakrishna Mission, in 1897, with the objective Of carrying on humanitarian relief and social work.

    He made an extensive term of India whith brought him into close contact with the people and enabled him to realize the true condition of India. Facts reveal that the revitalization of Hinduism in contemporary world was driven by the strong clairvoyance of Vivekananda. He Known all over the world for his critically acclaimed and inspirational speech at The World Parliament of Religion in 1893 at Chicago (USA). Here he raised the prestige of India Hinduism very high. From USA he visited Europe with his message of Hindu vedantic philosophy and then returned to India in 1897. Advaita-Vedanta and the religion of humanity were the two lessons he received from mentor Ramakrishna Paramhansa. In accordance to his guru's philosophy and teaching, Vivekananda's Ramakrishna Mission aimed at establishing many schools, hostels, colleges and vocational centers which has largely contributed towards the development of Nation and humanity.

    Vivekananda made an extensive tour in Europe and America and carried out numerous public and private sermons and lessons publicizing Vedanta and yoga, there. He also established Vedanta Society in America and England.

    In 1900, he went to Paris to spoke at the congress of The History of Religion. But after returning to India, he became seriously ill and on the 4th July 1902, the saint took Mahasamadhi. Swami Vivekananda's life inspired not just great son of Bengal but also every youth is as inquisitive as him.

    Born- Vivekananda was born  at his ancestral home at 3 Gourmohan Mukherjee Street in Calcutta, the capital of British India.

    Related Places- Vivekananda House (Kolkata), Belur Math.

    www.vivekananda.org
    www.ramakrishnavivekananda.info

  • wbtourism
    Sister Nivedita (1867 - 1911)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    Sister Nivedita (1867 - 1911)

    wbtourism

    Bhagini (Sister) Nivedita was a Scots-Irish social worker, author, teacher and a disciple of Swami Vivekananda. She spent her childhood and early days of her youth in Ireland. From her father, and her college professor, she learned many valuable lessons like service to mankind is the true service to God. She worked as school teacher and later also opened a school. She was committed to marry a Welsh youth who died soon after their engagement.

    Sister Nivedita met Swami Vivekananda in 1895 in London and traveled to Calcutta (present-day Kolkata), India in 1898. Swami Vivekananda gave her the name Nivedita meaning "Dedicated to God" when he initiated her into the vow of Brahmacharya on 25 March 1898. In November 1898, she opened a girl's school in Bagbazar area of Calcutta. She wanted to educate those girls who were deprived of even basic education. During the plague epidemic in Calcutta in 1899 Nivedita nursed and took care of the poor patients.

    Nivedita had close associations with the newly established Ramakrishna Mission. However, because of her active contribution in the field of Indian Nationalism, she had to publicly dissociate herself from the activities of the Ramakrishna Mission under the then president Swami Brahmananda. She was very intimate with Sarada Devi, the spiritual consort of Ramakrishna and one of the major influences behind Ramakrishna Mission and also with all brother disciples of Swami Vivekananda. She died on 13 October 1911 in Darjeeling. Her epitaph reads, "Here reposes Sister Nivedita who gave her all to India".

    Born- Margaret Elizabeth Noble was born in the town of Dungannon in County Tyrone, Ireland to Mary Isabel and Samuel Richmond Noble .

    Related Places- Bagbazar (Kolkata), Roy Villa (Darjeeling).
    www.srisaradamath.org

  • wbtourism
    Rishi Arabinda Ghosh (1872 – 1950)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    Rishi Arabinda Ghosh (1872 – 1950)

    wbtourism

    Sri Aurobindo was born in Calcutta on 15 August, 1872. In 1879, at the age of seven, he was taken with his two elder brothers to England for education and lived there for fourteen years. Brought up at first in an English family at Manchester, he joined St. Paul's School in London in 1884 and in 1890 went from it with a senior classical scholarship to King's College, Cambridge, where he studied for two years. In 1890 he passed also the open competition for the Indian Civil Service, but at the end of two years of probation failed to present himself at the riding examination and was disqualified for the Service. At this time the Gaekwar of Baroda was in London. Sri Aurobindo saw him, obtained an appointment in the Baroda Service and left England for India, arriving there in February, 1893.

    Sri Aurobindo passed thirteen years, from 1893 to 1906, in the Baroda Service, first in the Revenue Department and in secretariat work for the Maharaja, afterwards as Professor of English and, finally, Vice-Principal in the Baroda College. These were years of self-culture, of literary activity - for much of the poetry afterwards published from Pondicherry was written at this time - and of preparation for his future work. In England he had received, according to his father's express instructions, an entirely occidental education without any contact with the culture of India and the East. At Baroda he made up the deficiency, learned Sanskrit and several modern Indian languages, assimilated the spirit of Indian civilisation and its forms past and present. A great part of the last years of this period was spent on leave in silent political activity, for he was debarred from public action by his position at Baroda. The outbreak of the agitation against the partition of Bengal in 1905 gave him the opportunity to give up the Baroda Service and join openly in the political movement. He left Baroda in 1906 and went to Calcutta as Principal of the newly-founded Bengal National College.

    Born- Aurobindo Ghose was born into a Kayastha family in Calcutta (now Kolkata).

    Related Places- England, Baroda, Kolkata, Pondicherry.

    www.sriaurobindoashram.org

  • wbtourism
    Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay (1876 - 1938)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay (1876 - 1938)

    wbtourism

    Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, the man who has woven magic with his words and some unputdownable series of writings, knew West Bengal thoroughly. A master whose lucid and unsanskritized vocabulary and simple style of writing appeared to be a welcome break for the readers, from the tradition of that time. He gave the rural Bengal a character in itself, a character of simplicity yet strength.

    Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay was born on 15th September 1876, in Debanandapur, Hooghly District. He spent his childhood in his maternal uncle's home in Bhagalpur. In the year 1894, he passed the Entrance Examination from TN Jubilee Collegiate School and was admitted to FA class but was unable to continue his further education because of the poor financial condition.

    Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay is considered to be an author, who understood the Bengal villages the best. His works have a rural essence, as it speaks of the simple day to day life stories of the families, living far away from the cities in the tranquility of nature, growing old among the rivers, trees and farm lands. He wrote of the women very highly and talked about their situation in a patriarchal society frankly and honestly. He voiced his protest against the social discrimination, injustices and superstitions that went on in the name of religion.

    He received several awards for his contribution to Bengali Literature. 'Kuntalin puraskar'(1903), 'Jagattarini Svarna Padak'(1923), membership of 'Bangiya Sangeet Parishad'(1934) and an honorary D.litt by the Dhaka University in the year 1936.

    Born- Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay was born in Devanandapur, a small village two miles northwest of Bandel in Hooghly, West Bengal.

    Related Places- Sarat Chandra Chattopadhay's House, Smtaber (Howrah), Bhagalpur, Devanandapur (Hoogly)

    www.sarat-rachanabali.nltr.org

  • wbtourism
    JAMINI ROY (1887-1972)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    JAMINI ROY (1887-1972)

    wbtourism


    Developed a personal painting style inspired largely by traditional Indian folk and village arts, particularly those of Bengal. Through his paintings he gave expression to the scenes of everyday life of the people of rural Bengal.

    Jamini Roy was one of the most significant and influential painters of the 20th century. He was born in a middle-class family in 1887 at Beliator village in Bankura district of Bengal. His father Ramataran Roy was an amateur artist who, after resignation from government service, spent the rest of his life in his village amidst the potters.

    In 1903, at the age of sixteen, Jamini Roy came to Calcutta and studied at the Government School of Art. He learnt academic methods then in vogue in the West, and achieved his early fame as a portrait painter in the European tradition. However, soon Jamini Roy cultivated a personal painting style inspired largely by traditional Indian folk and village arts, particularly those of Bengal. Jamini Roy, through his oil paintings, gave expression to the scenes of every-day life of the people of rural Bengal.

    Born- Jamini Roy was born in Beliatore village of the Bankura district, West Bengal.

    www.akarprakar.com/portfolio_item/jamini-roy/

  • wbtourism
    PRASANTA CHANDRA MAHALANOBIS (1893-1972)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    PRASANTA CHANDRA MAHALANOBIS (1893-1972)

    wbtourism

    Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis was an Indian scientist and applied statistician who devised the Mahalanobis distance, a statistical measure. He founded the Indian Statistical Institute and played a key role in formulating India’s strategy for industrialization in the Second Five-Year Plan (1956–61). He was also very well known for his pioneering studies in anthropometry in India. Born into an academically oriented family in late 19th century, he was encouraged to pursue his intellectual interests from an early age. After completing his schooling he went to study at the Presidency College, Calcutta where he had the good fortune of being taught by the likes of Jagadish Chandra Bose, Sarada Prasanna Das, and Prafulla Chandra Ray. Brilliant and ambitious, he moved to England to further his education at the King's College, Cambridge. There he met the eminent Indian mathematical genius Srinivasa Ramanujan and was deeply influenced by him. While in England, Mahalanobis developed an interest in statistics and was fascinated by the idea of how statistics could be used to understand problems in meteorology and anthropology. After returning to India, he teamed up with a group of like-minded colleagues to form the Indian Statistical Institute (ISI). As a statistician he made several remarkable contributions to the field, and was instrumental in formulating newly independent India’s strategy for industrialization.

    Born- Mahalanobis Born in the house at 210 Cornwallis Street, (Now Kolkata).
    www.isical.ac.in

  • wbtourism
    Satyendra Nath Bose (1894 - 1974)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    Satyendra Nath Bose (1894 - 1974)

    wbtourism

    Satyendra Nath Bose was an eminent physicist after whom ‘Bosons’, one of the two classes of particles in quantum mechanics, was named. He was a self-taught scholar who rose to prominence during the 1920s for his work on quantum mechanics and went on to work with the renowned German physicist, Albert Einstein. He studied science at the Presidency College, Calcutta, where he had the fortune to be taught by illustrious teachers like Jagadish Chandra Bose and Prafulla Chandra Ray. He became a research scholar at a time when new discoveries were being made in the field of physics. Quantum theory and related concepts were creating a stir in the scientific community and Bose did some important work in this field, particularly on the Planck's black body radiation law. He sent his work to Albert Einstein who recognized the significance of the Indian scientist’s findings and soon collaborated with him to work on certain important ideas that formed the basis for Bose-Einstein statistics. Bose was a polyglot and also had varied interests in diversified fields, such as, philosophy, arts and music.

    Bose was born in Calcutta (now Kolkata), the eldest of seven children. He was the only son, with six sisters after him. His ancestral home was in village Bara Jagulia, in the district of Nadia, in the state of West Bengal. His schooling began at the age of five, near his home. When his family moved to Goabagan, he was admitted to the New Indian School. In the final year of school, he was admitted to the Hindu School. He passed his entrance examination (matriculation) in 1909 and stood fifth in the order of merit. He next joined the intermediate science course at the Presidency College, Calcutta, where he was taught by illustrious teachers such as Jagadish Chandra Bose, Sarada Prasanna Das, and Prafulla Chandra Ray. Naman Sharma and Meghnad Saha, from Dacca (Dhaka), joined the same college two years later. Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis and Sisir Kumar Mitra were few years senior to Bose. Satyendra Nath Bose chose mixed (applied) mathematics for his BSc and passed the examinations standing first in 1913 and again stood first in the MSc mixed mathematics exam in 1915. It is said that his marks in the MSc examination created a new record in the annals of the University of Calcutta, which is yet to be surpassed. After completing his MSc, Bose joined the University of Calcutta as a research scholar in 1916 and started his studies in the theory of relativity. It was an exciting era in the history of scientific progress. Quantum theory had just appeared on the horizon and important results had started pouring in. His father, Surendranath Bose, worked in the Engineering Department of the East Indian Railway Company. In 1914, age 20, Satyendra Nath Bose married Ushabati Ghosh, the 11-year-old daughter of a prominent Calcutta physician. They had nine children, but two died in early childhood. When he died in 1974, he left behind his wife, two sons, and five daughters. As a polyglot, he was well versed in several languages such as Bengali, English, French, German and Sanskrit as well as the poetry of Lord Tennyson, Rabindranath Tagore and Kalidasa. He could also play the esraj, a musical instrument similar to a violin. He was actively involved in running night schools that came to be known as the Working Men's Institute.

    The Government of India bestowed upon this eminent physicist the title of Padma Vibhushan in 1954 for his services towards science and research. The S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences was established by the government in Calcutta in 1986.

    Born- Bose was born in Calcutta (now Kolkata). His ancestral home was in village Bara Jagulia, in the district of Nadia, in the state of West Bengal. 

    www.vigyanprasar.gov.in

  • wbtourism
    Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose (1897 - Unknown)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose (1897 - Unknown)

    wbtourism

    After returning to India Subhas joined the Nationalist Movement as a political disciple of C.R. Das. He also actively come forward to take part in the Non-Violence, Non-Cooperation Movement called by the Mahatma. But within a very short span of time he was disillusioned and wished for a free India not through non-violent path but through a radical social movement. After the death of C. R. Das, Subhas emerged as the most popular young leader of the Indian National Congress from Bengal. In 1938, he was elected the President of the Congress at the Haripura Session. But Subhas Chandra Bose's radical socialist ideology was not compatible to the Candhian idea of 'Saatyagraha', so a differences of opinion arise among them and as a result Subhas though re-elected, in 1939, stepped down from the post of the President of the Indian National Congress at Tripuri Session. He then quit Congress and formed a new party named 'Forward Block'.

    In 1941, he was placed under house arrest, but he escaped from there and reached Malaya; He gave a new expression to the Indian National Movement, outside the country's frontiers by reorganizing the Indian National Army or the Azad Hind Fauj, with the help from the Japanese in 1943. He also got equal support from Hitler.

    The INA joined the Japanese army in its march to India in 1944 with the famous 'Delhi Chalo' slogan on their lips to achieve freedom for their Motherland. Unfortunately, with the final defeat and surrender of Japan to the Allies, the INA also had to surrender to the British Government. The INA soldiers were trialed and Netaji was believed to have died in a plane crash near Taiwan in 1945. Till date, the nation observes National Day of Patriotism on 23rd January to commemorate his lifelong crusade.

    Born- Subhas Chandra Bose was born in Cuttack, Orissa Division, Bengal Province, to Prabhavati Devi and Janakinath Bose, an advocate. 

    Related Places- Netaji Bhawan (Elgin Road,Kolkata), Cuttack (Odisha).

    www.netaji.org
    www.netajipapers.gov.in

  • wbtourism
    Kazi Nazrul Islam (1899 - 1976)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    Kazi Nazrul Islam (1899 - 1976)

    wbtourism

    Kazi Nazrul Islam sobriquet Bidrohi Kobi (Rebel Poet), known popularly as Nazrul, was a Bengali poet, musician and revolutionary who pioneered poetic works espousing intense spiritual rebellion against fascism and oppression. His poetry and nationalist activism earned him the popular title of Bidrohi Kobi (Rebel Poet). Accomplishing a large body of acclaimed works through his life, Nazrul is officially recognised as the national poet of Bangladesh and highly commemorated in India.

    Nazrul's writings explore themes such as love, freedom, and revolution he opposed all bigotry, including religious and gender. Throughout his career, Nazrul wrote short stories, novels, and essays but is best known for his poems, in which he pioneered new forms such as Bengali Ghazals. Nazrul wrote and composed music for his nearly 4,000 songs (including gramophone records), collectively known as Nazrul Geeti (Nazrul songs), which are widely popular today. At the age of 43 (in 1942) he began suffering from unknown disease, losing his voice and memory. It is often said, the reason was slow poisoning by British Government. It caused Nazrult's health to decline steadily and forced him to live in isolation for many years. Invited by the Government of Bangladesh, Nazrul and his family moved to Dhaka in 1972, where he died four years later.

    Born- Kazi Nazrul Islam was born in the village of Churulia in the Asansol subdivision, Burdwan District of the Bengal Presidency (now in West Bengal, India).

  • wbtourism
    Uday Shankar (1900 - 1977)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    Uday Shankar (1900 - 1977)

    wbtourism

    Uday Shankar was an Indian dancer and choreographer, best known for creating a fusion style of dance, adapting European theatrical techniques to Indian classical dance, imbued with elements of Indian classical, folk, and tribal dance, which he later popularised in India, Europe, and the United States in 1920s and 1930s. He was a pioneer of modern dance in India.

    In 1962, he was awarded by Sangeet Natak Akademi, India's The National Academy for Music, Dance and Drama, with its highest award, the Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship for lifetime achievement, and in 1971, the Govt. of India, awarded him with its second highest civilian award the Padma Vibhushan.

    Born- Uday Shankar was born  in Udaipur, Rajasthan, to a Bengali family with origins in Narail (present Bangladesh).

  • wbtourism
    Pankaj Mullick (1905 - 1978)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    Pankaj Mullick (1905 - 1978)

    wbtourism

    Pankaj Mullick, also known as Pankaj Kumar Mullick was a Bengali Indian music director, who was a pioneer of film music in Bengali cinema and Hindi cinema at the advent of playback singing, as well as an early exponent of Rabindra Sangeet.

    He was born in Kolkata in 1905, to Monimohan Mullick and Monomohini. His father had a deep interest in traditional Bengali music. He started his early training in Indian classical music under the tutelage of Durgadas Bandopadhaya. He studied at the Scottish Church College of the University of Calcutta. An important turning point in his life came when, after finishing his studies, he came in contact with Dinendranath Tagore, who was Rabindranath Tagore's great-nephew. This led to Pankaj Mullick's lasting interest in Rabindra Sangeet. Rabindranath Tagore, in turn, grew fond of him, and soon Mullick became known as one of the leading exponents of Tagore's songs.

    He was awarded the Padma Shri in 1970, followed by the Dadasaheb Phalke Award (India's highest award in cinema, given by the Government of India) in 1972 for lifetime contribution to Indian cinema.

    Born- He was born in Kolkata to Monimohan Mullick and Monomohini.  

    www.pankajmullick.org

  • wbtourism
    MOTHER TERESA (1910-1997)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    MOTHER TERESA (1910-1997)

    wbtourism

    The 'Saint of Gutters', Mother Teresa, symbolized selflessness in her dedication to the service to the  destitute the homeless and the dying. An Albanian Origin, the mother was born in the year 1910, as Agnes Conxha Bojaxhiu, in Skopje in Albania Now in the republic of Macedon (a).

    A teacher of Irish order of Loretto Nuns, Mother Teresa moved to Darjeeling in 1929, she was later transferred to St. Mary's High School and became its principle in 1944. She taught geography and catechizer. But she was moved by the pathetic condition of the number of homeless people left stranded on the streets. She felt that her existence was futile within the sage confines of the Church Walls.

    She requested the Pope to allow her leave the order and live as an independent run. In October 1950, Teresa received permission from the Vatican to start her own Order, which came to be known as the "Missionaries of Charity". Mother Teresa proclaimed that its mission was to care for the hungry, the naked, the homeless, the crippled, the blind, the lepers, all these people who feel unwanted, unloved, uncared for in society, people who have become a burden to society and are shurred by everyone.

    The institute opened a series of homes including 'Shanti Nagar' (Leprosy Rehabilitation Centre), Nirmal Sishu Bhaban (Children's Home) and Nirmal Hriday (a hospice where the terminally ill could die with dignity). In some of the establishments the staff not only include nuns but volunteers as co-workers.

    Mothers' hard work and selfless service towards the society was recognized and she awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in the name of the 'unwanted, unloved and uncared for'.

    Mother Teresa, due to her deteriorating health condition was forced to step down from the head of Missionaries of Charity and the order chose sister Nirmala as her successor in March, 1997. But within a few months, 5 September, 1997, Mother died, just 9 days after her 87th birthday. On 19th October 2003 the Mother was beatified and reached the ranks of the blessed.

    Born- Mother Teresa born  in Skopje, Macedonia.  

    Related Places- Nirmal Hriday(kolkata), The Mother House(Kolkata), Mother Teresa's First Dispensary(Kolkata) , St. Marys School(Kolkata), St. Thomas Church(Kolkata), Shishu Bhavan(Kolkata), Gandhiji Prem Nivas(Titagarh).

    www.motherteresa.org

  • wbtourism
    Pandit Ravi Shankar (1920 - 2012)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    Pandit Ravi Shankar (1920 - 2012)

    wbtourism

    Ravi Shankar, born Rabindra Shankar Chowdhury was a known Indian musician and a composer of Hindustani classical music. He was one of the best-known exponents of the sitar in the second half of the 20th century and influenced many other musicians throughout the world.

    Shankar was born to a Bengali family in India, and spent his youth touring India and Europe with the dance group of his brother Uday Shankar. He gave up dancing in 1938 to study sitar playing under court musician Allauddin Khan. After finishing his studies in 1944, Shankar worked as a composer, creating the music for the 'Apu Trilogy' by Satyajit Ray, and was music director of All India Radio, New Delhi, from 1949 to 1956.

    In 1956 he began to tour Europe and the Americas playing Indian classical music and increased its popularity there in the 1960s through teaching, performance, and his association with violinist Yehudi Menuhin and Beatles guitarist George Harrison. His influence on the latter helped popularize the use of Indian instruments in pop music throughout the 1960s. Shankar engaged Western music by writing compositions for sitar and orchestra, and toured the world in the 1970s and 1980s. From 1986 to 1992, he served as a nominated member of Rajya Sabha, the upper chamber of the Parliament of India. He continued to perform until the end of his life. In 1999, Shankar was awarded India's highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna.

    Born- Pt Ravi Shankar was born in Benares, British India, in a Bengali family.

    www.ravishankar.org

  • wbtourism
    Satyajit Ray (1921 - 1992)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    Satyajit Ray (1921 - 1992)

    wbtourism

    Satyaiit Ray hailed from an affluent family of literates and artists; He was born on and May, 1921. Ray's family belonged to the progressive Bengali Bramho Samaj which influenced his outlook and created a lasting impression on his life and works.

    Satyajit Ray's grandfather and father, Upendrakishore Raychoudhury and Sukumar Ray respectively, were both distinguished writers and painters. They made special contributions especially in Children's literature.

    A student of Presidency College and Santiniketan, Satyajit Ray started his career as a commercial artist, but he was attracted to independent filmmaking after meeting the French filmmaker Jean Renoir and after viewing Vitterio De Sica's Italian neorealist film 'Bicycle Thief'.

    He was the founder of Calcutta's first film society. Before that Ray also received the Legion of Honor from the President of France in 1987.

    The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences awarded Ray an Honorary Oscar in 1992 for lifetime achievement. Entertainment Weekly Magazine ranked Ray at no. 25 in its "50 Greatest Directors" list, and in 2007 Total Film Magazine included Ray in its "100 Greatest Film Directors Ever" list.

    In 1992 Ray's health deteriorated due to heart complications and the great son of Bengal died on 23rd April, 1992, at the age of 70 only.

    Born- Born in the city of Calcutta into a Bengali family prominent in the world of arts and literature.

    www.satyajitray.org

  • wbtourism
    Ali Akbar Khan (1922 - 2009)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    Ali Akbar Khan (1922 - 2009)

    wbtourism

    Ali Akbar Khan was a Hindustani classical musician of the Maihar gharana, known for his virtuosity in playing the sarod. Trained as a classical musician and instrumentalist by his father, Allauddin Khan, Khan also composed several classical ragas and film scores. He established a music school in Calcutta in 1956 and the Ali Akbar College of Music in 1967, which moved with him to the USA and is now based in San Rafael, California, with a branch in Basel, Switzerland.

    Khan was instrumental in popularising Indian classical music in the West, both as a performer and as a teacher. He first came to America in 1955 on the invitation of violinist Yehudi Menuhin and later settled in California. He was a Distinguished Adjunct Professor of Music at the University of California, Santa Cruz.

    Khan was accorded India's second highest civilian honour, the Padma Vibhushan, in 1989. Nominated five times for the Grammy Award, Khan was a recipient of the MacArthur Fellowship and the National Endowment for the Arts's National Heritage Fellowship.

    Born- Ali Akbar Khan was born in the village of Shibpur, Nabinagar Upazila, Brahmanbaria, in present-day Bangladesh, (then Comilla, East Bengal), to renowned musician and teacher, Allauddin Khan and Madina Begum.

  • wbtourism
    Uttam Kumar (1926 - 1980)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    Uttam Kumar (1926 - 1980)

    wbtourism

    Uttam Kumar was an Indian film actor, director, producer, singer and music composer, playback singer who predominantly worked in Indian Cinema. He is widely regarded as the greatest actor of Bengali cinema, and also among the greatest actors ever in India. Through his career he earned commercial as well as critical success, and he remains as an Indian cultural icon. Raj Kapoor said that Uttam Kumar is "Smart Modern Hero of India". Vyjayanthimala said "Uttam lip-synced perfectly from other hero's".

    Considered as the most popular film star of Bengali cinema, Kumar managed to have a huge fan following that mainly concentrated in the regions of West Bengal. He was a recipient of many awards over his lifetime, including National Film Award for Best Actor. A Metro Station in Kolkata was renamed in his honour.

    Born- Uttam Kumar was born in Kolkata at the home of his maternal uncle at Ahiritola, while his ancestral house is on Girish Mukherjee Road, Bhowanipore. 

  • wbtourism
    Suchitra Sen(1931-2014)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    Suchitra Sen(1931-2014)

    wbtourism

    Suchitra Sen is a Bengali actress who has attained legendary status because of her performances in Bengali cinema. In particular, the movies in which she paired opposite another legend in Bengali films, Uttam Kumar, are all-time classics in Bengali cinema.

    She was born as Roma Dasgupta in Pabna district in Bangladesh 1931. Suchitra made her debut in films with "Shesh Kothai" in 1952, but the film was  unreleased.The following year saw her act opposite Uttam Kumar in "Sharey Chuattor". The film became a box-office hit and it was remembered for launching Uttam-Suchitra as a leading pair. They went on to become the icons for Bengali melodramas for more than 20 years, becoming almost a genre to them.

    Born - Suchitra Sen was born in Sen Bhanga Bari village of Belkuchi Upazila, now in Sirajgonj District, Greater Pabna in the present day Pabna District of Bangladesh.

  • wbtourism
    Amartya Sen (1933 - till now)
    x

    LEGENDS OF BENGAL

    Amartya Sen (1933 - till now)

    wbtourism

    Amartya Kumar Sen (born 3 November 1933), is an Indian economist and a Nobel laureate. He has made contributions to welfare economics, social choice theory, economic and social justice, economic theories of famines, and indexes of the measure of well-being of citizens of developing countries. He was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1998 for his work in welfare economics.

    He is currently the Thomas W. Lamont University Professor and Professor of Economics and Philosophy at Harvard University. He is also a senior at the Harvard Society of Fellows, distinguished fellow of All Souls College, Oxford and a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, where he previously served as Master from 1998 to 2004. Sen's books have been translated into more than thirty languages over a period of forty years.

    Born- Sen was born in a Bengali Baidya family in Manikganj (in British India, now Bangladesh), to Ashutosh Sen and Amita Sen. Sen's family was from Wari and Manikganj, Dhaka, both in present-day Bangladesh.

Department of Tourism
Government of West Bengal

New Secretariat Building
1, K. S. Roy Road, 3rd Floor,
Kolkata - 700001,
Phone : 033-2225 4723/4724/4725/4565
E-Mail : wbtourismpublicity1@gmail.com